Keloids are raised, thickened areas of scar tissue that form at the site of an injury or incision, and can be difficult to treat. The treatment options for keloids vary depending on the size, location, and severity of the keloid, as well as the individual's skin type and medical history.
Here is an overview of some of the most common keloid treatment options:
- Corticosteroid injections: Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory drugs that can be injected directly into the keloid to reduce swelling and itching, and to help flatten the scar. This is often the first-line treatment for keloids.
- Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy involves freezing the keloid with liquid nitrogen to destroy the abnormal tissue and promote the growth of new, healthy tissue.
- Surgical excision: In some cases, the keloid may need to be surgically removed. However, this can be challenging because keloids have a tendency to grow back after surgery.
- Laser therapy: Laser therapy can be used to reduce the redness and thickness of the keloid, and to stimulate the growth of new, healthy tissue.
- Silicone sheets or gels: Silicone sheets or gels can be applied to the keloid to help flatten and soften the scar. This is often used in combination with other treatments.